Ocimum tenuiflorum, also known as Ocimum sanctum, Holy basil, or Tulsi, is an aromatic plant in the family Lamiaceae which is native to South Asia and widespread as a cultivated plant throughout the Eastern World tropics. It is an erect, much branched subshrub, 30-60 cm tall with hairy stems and simple opposite green or purple leaves that are strongly scented. Leaves have petioles and are ovate, up to 5 cm long, usually slightly toothed. The flowers are purplish in elongate racemes in close whorls. The two main morphotypes cultivated in India and Nepal are green-leaved (Sri or Lakshmi Tulsi) and purple-leaved (Krishna Tulsi). Tulsi is cultivated for religious and medicinal purposes, and for its essential oil.

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